SGSY scheme is operated in Raigarh district since 1999. More
than 3000 SHGs are formed under this scheme by different
agencies. Ideally, these SHGs are saving and credit linked
with banks. Revolving fund is provided initially to start up
the income generation activity and then subsidized credit in
multiple doses. Practically, lake of motivation, group
mobilization, managerial and entrepreneurship skills has derailed
this scheme and it is far from achieving its objectives.
Volunteer of JanMitram, Conducted a survey of SHGs Assisted
by SGSY in previous years, and findings were presented to
district administration on 20th Oct 2010. The forum consisted
PD-DRDA, Bankers, Line department representatives having
associated with implementation of this scheme.The findings
and learning of the workshop paved way for “SHG Rejuvenation
and business activation initiative- SANJIVANI” in which
JanMitram was assigned to rejuvenate SHGs.
Taking recently financed SHGs in sanjivani program, a detail
SHG-wise Study was conducted in each CD- block. Compilation of
data helped us to understand area wise trends and to train
SHGs in that manner. First round of training was conducted
with an aim to strengthen basic ideology of SHG among members.
Concept of Meeting, Thrift, Accounting, inter-loaning and
Banking behavior were infused in minds of SHG members.
Second Round of training was based on chosen income generation
activity of SHG. The curriculum consisted Entrepreneurship
development, Business Accounting, Marketing, Managing fiancé
and stocks etc. it also included technical skills regarding
business like Dairy, NTFP processing, fishery, Horticulture
and agriculture allied activities etc,.
The trainings were followed by subsidy disbursement camps.
This was necessary as the fact emerged during the survey that
most SHGs were yet to receive their subsidy and credit in
continuation with sanction form Zila Parishd. The subsidy
given under SGSY is back ended and is paid to respective bank
for further disbursement to SHGs. Most SHGs received their
subsidy and credit in camps organized by our organization.
This year,a total of 582 women self help groups were
rejuvenated under this program. These training not only
brought new synergy among SHGs but also activated their sense
of responsibility towards social development of village and
community. Awareness among SHGs cut the delay in having their
rights. Many SHGs went to Block offices and banks and asked to
clear their dues. This forced officials to cut red tapes and
speedup delivery process. Despite of such incidents at field
level, leading officials of banks and line department
appreciated the efforts and cooperated in the process.
Most successful element of the programme was identification
and training of village resource person. The SANGWARI is a
youth or elder from village having interest in helping SHGs
were selected from village and went under sequential trainings.
(The trainings of SNGWARI was assisted by DRDA under BRGF and
discussed separately in this report.). These sangwaris
participated in trainings as trainers and later assigned to
assist SHGs in there nearby areas. This ensures ready to hand
availability of resource persons for SHGs and also generates
employment as they provide fee based services.
As a whole, Total 6247 member of 582 self help groups
benefited with this programme. Over 50 Million Rs distributed
as subsidy. Moreover, 200 million Rs credit is mobilized
in this year.